Submission Preparation Checklist
The submission has not been previously published nor is it before another journal for consideration, or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor. Related/overlapping published or submitted work will be uploaded as supplementary files so reviewers and editors can determine the degree of overlap with previous/other papers under consideration. Salami slicing of research is discouraged.
The submission file is in Microsoft Word (.doc/.docx) file format.
The text meets this journal's formatting requirements, in particular, those summarized in the Author Checklist found in Instructions for Authors. The text employs italics, rather than underlining or bold as emphasis, with figures and tables (portrait only, no landscape format) placed within the text rather than at the end. Additional information has been put in separate files to be uploaded as Multimedia Appendices.
There are no URLs in the body of the manuscript. All URLs are cited as references.
I have read and understood the fee schedule. In particular, I understand and agree that unless my department/organization is an institutional member BEFORE submission (see drop-down list in step 1 of the submission process), I/my department will be billed for the article processing fee (APF) in case of acceptance.
Please mention in your cover letter if you think the APF should be waived due to membership or for any other reasons.
Journal sections marked with * may be eligible for a fee waiver or reduction under certain circumstances (must be justified in the comments field for the editor on submission). APFs may not apply for article categories marked with * (check instructions for authors). Note that the APF will also be billed if the author retracts the manuscript after acceptance, or if a case of scientific misconduct prevents us from publishing a manuscript after acceptance.
Please check this checkbox to indicate that you have read this checklist item, even if you do not wish to fast-track your manuscript. I understand that if I wish to fast-track the paper, I will pay the Fast-Track Fee (FTF) immediately after submission (a payment link will be provided after submission) or at a later stage. The FTF guarantees an editorial decision within 15 working days (see link for further instructions).
I understand that all author names and their affiliations for the final publication will be taken from the database (metadata form) and not from the submitted manuscript. Therefore, all author names must be entered in the metadata form during submission. Authors may remove author names from the manuscript if they prefer blind review. All coauthors have been/will be entered in the metadata form, and all coauthors fulfill the ICMJE criteria in that they (1) made substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; (2) drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content; and (3) had granted final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions (1), (2), and (3).
P values are reported in accordance with our instructions for authors.
Authors agree that the manuscript and peer-review reports may be transferred to a JMIR sister/partner journal (e.g., i-JMR, JMIR Research Protocols, JMIR Formative Research, JMIR Human Factors, and others), if the paper is not found suitable for publication in the journal to which it was submitted but is suitable for another journal. The transfer of the peer-review reports may mean that the paper does not have to be re-reviewed. Authors will receive a notification when the manuscript is transferred and can decide if they want to pursue publication in a sister/partner journal and pay the associated APF. If authors do NOT wish an automatic transfer to an alternative journal after rejection for a JMIR journal, this should be noted when submitting the paper.